Lucy Pet Duck, Pumpkin, and Quinoa Grain-Free Formula features our advanced P.B.F. Prebiotic Balanced Fiber (TM) to produce an optimal environment in the digestive tract to lead to an optimal balance in the gut. The P.B.F. formulation is based on 40 years of research and studies by Dr. George C Fahey. The number one ingredient is duck meat from France and USA, with absolutely no duck by-products. Includes chickpeas (rich in protein and complex carbohydrates, including starches and fibers), delicious pumpkin (a nutritional powerhouse with fiber and protein that helps aid in healthy digestion), and quinoa (a high quality, digestible seed rich in protein, containing essential amino acids). This formula includes a superfood blend of ingredients naturally preserved. No ingredients from China, including vitamins and minerals.